Pict. of herding Clinic with Mike Hall

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Saturday 28 and Sunday 29 September 2013

 

 


Sheep Herding lessons-Nederweert Limburg

15 minutes under Eindhoven. 20 minutes from the border near Roermond.


You can follow lessons sheep herding with, Math Gutjens - 0031-6-81351835


He can imagine that others would like to learn.

So now he gif from 1998 lessons in sheep herding.

Math speaks German flued as well.

Math :

A competent, certified trainer with years of experience,

individual training tailored to you and your dog

nonviolence training,

small training groups and / or individual training,

fenced training area.

For dogs of all ages

 

 

Our offer is so coordinated and build up that you are the puppies until the dog fully trained with us in the right hands.

Of course you can come up with dogs of all ages to us.
Math gives lesson on Saturday and Sunnday morning only to motivated students from:
9.00. to 13.00.

   

The first lesson is an intake time. It examines what the dog naturally in sheep house has interest and work characteristics. Together with the trainer, your goals for the training are discussed.
During the training, all aspects of the herding addressed: practical work, trialling and sheep knowledge.


He also leaves young border collies sniff at the sheep.
Costs 15, -[2013]  Euro per dog, per time. Math will see whether and to what extent your dog has in his nature and / or mabey the the dog might need some more time. etc.


Math You certainly will not stick to the line and you knock your pennies in your pocket and you only a few months 12 hours to run.
When he gives you the green light, you can if you want to take lessons from him.
The dogs should, however, older than 11 months and listening to their boss well.
Our School, asks for lessons in blocks of We work with a practical lesson card of 10 ad 90,- Euros.[ 2013]
In winter and early spring the lessons are silent.
Because we have then lamms.

 

 

The emergence Sheep Dogs are actually predators, which together with the shepherd on the hunt for prey.
Over the centuries there refinements bred in the race. Thus, the "kill" the final phase of its predator characteristics bred out. Not every border collie is as good for driving sheep. How well his parents were here.
External influences, such as the experience of the handler with the phenomenon of herding, can affect. But also the fact that in a nest just 2/3 good drivers in construction but in it, while the parents are wonderful floats plays a role in.In construction does have every border interest only varies the degree.

Several years ago we tested my pups on the property of the buoyancy. I came to the conclusion that this test is worthless. Since then I have yet to test most character of the puppy.
The first basic training is done with a dog from about 1 year. However, often bring to the training [look], this promotes interest in the phenomenon sheep and occasionally "sniff" under expert supervision.
He / she is physically and mentally able to learn the basics. For these young dogs trained sheep [dog habituation].
And go to a pastor or trainer who also has to act really sense here.

Some commands;
That'll do / come here.
Lie down / go down.
Away / right.
Come by / counterclockwise.
Walk on / to it.
Steady / quiet.
Stay / Stay.
Look back / look back.
Stand on your feet / stand

After the dog and the boss understand the exercises that fit the commands, one can proceed to whistle commands.
Your instructor will tell you all about it.

The Border Collie is a herding dog of origin so that special bred for herding. But he drives for example also cattle, turkeys, geese / ducks, and even deer.
On a sheep farm dog made countless useful operations such as; retrieve sheep, bring off, for example, split vaccinations / worming / shaving / having to cut / get in / out of a cattle trailer to the cattle.
In addition to the practice, it is also possible to trials [herding matches] join.
The dog must then A course walk with the practice, the exercises.

Like, outrun {in a wide arc around the sheep to go.] The fetch, the drive, the shedding [separating a pair of branded sheep] and rods [the sheep in a trimmed square drive and close the gate].
In the Netherlands organizes the Border Collie Club and the Netherlands
English Sheepdog Society competitions, but there are also many competitions organized by private initiatives.

There are differences in classes. One knows the promotion class and qualifying class. Before starting with the promotion class, one must first obtain a license to start with his dog.
These are conducted by members of the B.C.C.N. which are appointed by the Board. This starts license shows that the sheep dog in a quiet and controlled way the sheep can send. The promotion class can be promoted to the qualifier class.
The best participants can do with it to the Dutch / international championships.
When driving sheep to the handler not only are knowledgeable about dogs and their behavior, but also that of sheep.
  

 


Math here's a few tips to getting world champion Aled Owen.

Top Ten Excuses
1. Well he's never done that before.
2. It was impossible With That sheep.
3. Someone has a bitch in season.
4. Never saw the sheep.
5. Is not My Dog
6. I had a sick sheep.
7. Who Was That whistle blowing, while I was running.
8. Those gates have been wrongly placed, no-one will hit them.
9. We had a bad trip here, my dogs a bad traveler.
10. Where does this come from judge, does he know what he's doing.
Or do you know a few more?
  
  
  
GAMES DRIVING SHEEP: RULES AND INTERPRETATIONS

Written by: Henk Verhoeve
A practical guide for participants and juries
Thanks to Henk for his beautiful articles.

 


INTRODUCTION
Herding with Border Collies as a competitive, growing - thanks to the broadcasts of "one man and his dog" - in recent years has become very popular. Many people "rolling" as it were in sport. One buys a Border Collie. Read or hear what the original purpose of these dogs, and - oh, why not - they "try" are (*) dog once in sheep and discovered what a border really is when he can do what he is bred. Dog and owner get excited. They then train - alone, with friends or at a training center - and step by step approaching the time to participate in a real match. What exactly are the rules and which is assessed, it appears - to draw from the many avoidable mistakes made - not really clear to many beginners. Of course one can discover a lot by watching, as well spectator, and more experienced handlers are always willing to explain. However, it would be useful if all the rules were even on paper, clearly explained and put with the most common mistakes: Now, this work is an attempt to do so.

If base is based on the "Rules for Trials" and the related "Notes for the Guidance of Judges", prepared by the ISDS. The BCCN has evaluated the "Competition and Competition Rules" borrowed. Furthermore, people like Collin Gordon, John Templeton and TW Japp sought from their many years of experience the main points set out in writing. From all these sources is made extensive use here. Numerous Dutch handlers and "judges" have contributed to the completion of our intent. I would like to mention in particular Thijs Gottmer, Mike van der Most, Hans and Amanda van den Oever, Ans van der Whip, Louise Liebenberg and Serge van der Whip. At a later stage is added information from "USBCHA Judging Guidelines" to this list.

The final responsibility for assessing a run will always rest with the individual juror. Each trial is different in terrain, type of sheep and other conditions. As long as a jury in a trial assesses all participants in the same way and he makes clear during the briefing where he specially note, some diversity of opinions about what is right and wrong and how mistakes lead to deduction points, not bad. May be expected that he understands the practical work of the Border Collie. A jury Situations not explicitly laid down in rules he must judge from this perspective.

Furthermore, a number of rules and regulations laid down in "Border Collie Club Netherlands: Statutes, Regulations, Guidelines". These are not specifically repeated in this brochure for further details is therefore made to the original texts (see the bibliography at the end).

In this manual, the different parts of a trial - outrun, lift, fetch, drive, shed / single and medal - treated sequentially. Each section shows how the ideal looks, what errors can be made and what it takes to deduct points. This is based on an evaluation during an open or qualification class competition. In promotional or Class 2 races the same assessment points, money is only slightly less severe errors here claimed: it is to determine the individual jury here one size.

A run during a game is a very complex process. Also handlers who have participated for many years in competitions still learning from their experiences. This brochure will also far from complete. Are you missing business or you have a certain conception of the positions written down here? Do not hesitate to provide tips, criticism and ideas so that the next issue to find even more information is me that handlers can take advantage. Write, call or mail to: Henk Verhoeven, Wilhelminastraat 45 5121 WR Rows, tel: 0161-222018, e-mail: karlaenhenk@home.nl. Appeal to me during one of the activities of the course can also BCCN.

* Wherever the masculine form is (he, his, him) can of course also read the female form. This applies both when on handlers, juries and when speaking of dogs.



Outrun

At the beginning of each run, a group of sheep (usually consisting of five animals) ready to put the participant. Depending on the gravity of a match can vary the distance: at a qualifier, the aim is to put away the sheep about 350 meters or more from the handler down. The purpose of the outrun is that the dog in a wide arc - is behind the sheep without disturbing this early - left or right. For outrun can be a maximum of 20 points scored. In a good outrun the dog decidedly to the sheep around, give them plenty of room, but is not so wide that he loses contact with the sheep. A dog that stops during the outrun or turn around and then continue running (spinning), lose 2 to 3 points for each time this occurs. Additional commands (whistle or voice signals but also gestures or waving the stick) to encourage continuing his outrun or off, the dog costs 1 point per given command.
For the run of each participant, the sheep up to the fetchpaal. The organization will endeavor to resolve this. Best possible The erectors must exercise to keep the dog race has made contact with the sheep. Sheep under control Errors made by the erectors, will not lead to deductions for the race dog. Sometimes it happens that does not bring the sheep to rest or are not exactly located at the fethcpaal. Despite this, the handler still his dog dismiss: the dog rather dismiss - if the handler starting pole has not yet reached - or waiting too long in the hope that the sheep move to a better position, takes points: 1 or 2 points can be subtracted, and in some cases even more.
Before starting the dog must be located next to or something. Diagonally behind the handler The dog too far, too far back or too far from the pole start - more than the allowed 9 meters - cost points: the first two errors can even lead to a "cross" which means a lot of points to be deducted (if a dog is For example, left the handler is only one right outrun makes: he crosses the path that the sheep will soon go running and this is called 'crossing' A Cross down the field is usually punishable by 19 net points, Cross near the handler is very less and. typically yield 10 penalty points, but both should be). naturally occur When the dog handler and field emergence, the dog should be kept adequately controlled. If he, a few meters before the handler runs in the moments before the start, this is not bad but when for example 20 or 30 meters inrent the field and should be recalled that takes 2 to 3 points on the outrun. It is forbidden for dogs incidentally their run to enter the competition field: under penalty of disqualification.
If the dog leaves the starting pole is the run started, and the clock starts. A dog recall for a "restart" is prohibited and will result in disqualification. If the dog leaves the track during the outrun, this also leads to disqualification. The dog runs to the afvoerpen, the aanvoerpen or he runs to a taxidermist or his dog and he stops there, it can cost between 4 and 10 points. Is not exactly clear where the boundaries of the trail running, you should ask that during the briefing to the jury. If the dog is too wide or the secretion of the competition field follows and thereby loses contact with the sheep, it can be punishable by five to 10 points. Too short income, a tight curve to walk also takes points, depending on the extent to which the sheep before the dog reaches the 12 o'clock position startled, it can take up to 15 or 18 points deduction. Furthermore, the dog running in a geljikmatig pace. Too slow the outrun do cost points. Even a dog that firm starts but for example the last 20 meters pace clearly implies, therefore loses 1 to 3 points. A dog relieves itself during the run, thus losing not only what he wants but also lost 3 to 6 points.
An ideal outrun is called "pear-shaped", with the sheep at the center of the wide part. A dog handler from the "square" leaves (ie runs at an angle of 90 į to the fetchlijn) imposes unnecessary distances, this is not practical and will cost you points, usually no more than 1 or 2. However, the dog does not "square" but he walks towards the back - a sign of overtraining or a dog that look up to the secretion that follow - then he can lose up to 7 points.
Where, as mentioned, additional commands the handler decides to give his dog during the outrun - for example to remove go - it cost when it happens to 30 meters on the first 20, a half point, followed by a full point a given command. A "stop" command and a flank command so together cost 2 points. Stops the dog itself, for example, to sniff, then takes this one point (apart from the extra points for extra commands needed). Rotates on its axis or the dog he looks superiors times to go to his handler, this also costs every time a point.
When the dog "crosst", ie the line is about who will follow the sheep during the fetch, this costs 19 points, especially when a dog on the other side comes out than when he started. Restores the dog is a cross - he comes in, but he bows in the right direction and he is on the right side a turn for the sheep - this costs less than 19 points. Commands for adjusting However automatically deducted.
On a good outrun stops the dog on the balance point: this is the point where he can start the lift, so that the sheep move to the fetchpoort at a leisurely pace, in a straight line. Too early or too late to stop free points: the number depends on the extent to which the dog or onderflankt. A dog does not have to stop. At the 12-hour point Sometimes the balance point is for example 10 hours or 2 hours. Also, it is not necessary to stop the dog with a command or leave: this may be, costs no points, but a dog that stops by itself and independently starts in a good way with the lift, this certainly can not be punished. In fact, a jury outrun the only judge if the lift has occurred, because only then is to see the sheep in a straight line towards the handler worked out.




LIFT

The lift to the first time the dog makes contact with the sheep and put them in motion. It is, despite its short duration therefore still a very important part of the run. It is said that the elevator won a contest or lost: the sheep become restless because of rough lift then it is very difficult they are to get calm and this often means that other parts lost a lot of points. The purpose of the elevator is that the dog is the sheep in a quiet manner in motion in the direction of the fetchpoort. The lift provides up to 10 points.

A dog that sheep hesitating driving up, they suddenly brings to racing or not driving in the right direction, you lose points. To push wavering may consist dwell without adequately monitoring the sheep out of print or reciprocating flanks to count down. Instead of right on the sheep The dog gets them despite wavering behavior still in motion he loses only 4 to 5 points. Even a dog that needs extra commands before he approaches the sheep, lose points. Failure to follow opdrijfcommando's costs 4 points. Circling the dog to the sheep, then he makes a cross. This costs 5 points each time, even apart from the points deduction due to insufficient firm lift.
To go into the wild sheep can lead to 10 points deduction, especially if the dog sheep group set does splashes. Does the dog wild, but he is still well under control of the handler - for example because he promptly responds to a down-command - he loses no more than 5 points. Walk the sheep without pressure from the dog towards fetchpoort - for example, because there are "pull" that way, ie the sheep in one direction to go because they think there find safety - then this does not deduct points, unless the dog really contact with the lost sheep. It does take points as the sheep line and hit the dog brings the sheep are not on line.




FETCH

Fetch delivers a good 20 points. The fetch is as stated 350 meters or longer. At 135 meters from the handler is a gate with a gap of 6.30 meters.

From the lift the dog brings the sheep in a straight line toward the center of the fetchpoort and then in a straight line to the handler post. If the sheep through no fault of the dog, at the start strayed to the right or to the left of the fethpost, you do not need to bring the dog to the fethpost or fetchlijn back the sheep but he can in a straight line bring to the middle of the fetchpoort: The appropriate balance point - that during the lift will be assessed - is of course, not on the 12-hour point. If the sheep strayed so far that even meeting the fetchpoort no longer realistic - for example because the sheep first back should be driven back before the fetchpoort can be taken - the jury may decide whether to give a rerun or to judge from the moment the dog fetch the sheep elevator and take them to the post handler in a straight line without having to drive. fetchpoort the Happens all the fault of dog or handler, then it costs them no points.
However, the wandering sheep fetchlijn off while the lift or took place at the fetchpost, then the dog they obviously reduce the shortest line to the fetchlijn and then the fetch to continue. Never should the dog sheep against fetchrichting in back to the fetchpost, fetchpoort or fetchlijn. Depending on the extent to which the ideal fetchlijn is abandoned, there will be points from: walking the sheep throughout the fetchlijn not fetch, and are regrettably also not well controlled, then it takes the full 20 points. "On the fetchlijn walk" means that the sheep in a straight line moving on a path the width of the gap between the two fetchpoorten (6.30 meters): small movements to the left or right lead not to deduct points. It does take the sheep dwell points (usually 1 point per stop), and the excess pressure on the sheep by the dog, causing unnecessary hunted sheep go running or stampede (this could lead to 10 points deduction).
Missing the fetchpoort costs one point per sheep: while come the deduction points for deviating from the ideal line before and after the gate: with five sheep gate can spare so soon five plus two deviate from the ideal line, is seven points cost, plus the extra points as possible before or after the gate of the line is deviated too long. As with all the obstacles you are permitted to bring a port. There first attempt only The gate is missed, it is not permitted to drive the sheep back and still try. The handler tries this yet he loses only points (for still sheep and moving the sheep in the wrong direction), even though he is the second time it successful at the gate.
Primarily assesses the jury the movements of the sheep, paying attention to straight lines and a quiet, steady pace. But also the behavior of the dog can lead to deduction points. When the sheep an "ideal" fetchgang show, but the dog regularly overflankt (ie to the left or right deflects beyond what is necessary to keep the sheep in line), always laid down by the handler or at too great a distance from the sheep works, there may be points deducted anyway. The dog must always be in contact with the sheep, which means that a movement of the dog effect on the movement of the sheep. A dog sniffs the ground or looks around, has no contact with the sheep. Ideally, the dog so always in motion, he is not or only occasionally laid down and he has no excessive amount of commands needed to do its job. For times when the dog loses contact with the sheep, he also loses points. If by chance the sheep so follow the perfect fetchlijn - for example, because this line is to afvoerpen where they want to go - but the dog has in no way contributed to this, he still loses the full 20 points. It was fanned sheep costs 1 point. The jury will involve the kind of sheep in his assessment: easy to handle sheep line let go off costs more points than tough love sheep with handsome dog and handler work on a perhaps less perfect line.
During the fetch, the dog crosses the fetchlijn not. With 'crossing' is mentioned, meant that the dog on the line is where the sheep are still to come: this error is heavily charged and can lead to 8 points deduction, especially if a full cross place. I.e. the dog during the fetch example, the sheep is fully counterclockwise, so a full circle around the sheep made, will be deducted 10 points. In some cases, however, the situation is necessary that the dog as the fetchlijn crosst: for example, when the group of sheep two are included, with the fetchpoort difficult or impossible to want to move forward, and the other three in gallop direction handler or drain-pen walk. Then it is better to send the dog behind the group of three and drive to the transverse torque them back. To this end, crosses sometimes necessary and it does not cost points deduction: if, however, a way to make it without crosses, three sheep back then the handler must, under penalty of deduction of points, to choose this way. However, in both cases be deducted points for any irregularity of the fetch (ie for running, stop and / or line differ from the sheep).
The fetch is over when the sheep to the handler has run his post and started the drive is: the twist itself - which as tight as possible to the mail handler should be - is therefore in the fetch. Sometimes it happens that the sheep - for whatever reason - have not been behind the handler post along or on the wrong side of the post pass, this must be like missing a gate, considered to be missing a part of the trail. This is done without the set-up of the handler (for example, the sheep with a high speed towards afvoerpen left or right the handler running, or in that the dog is engaged with a number of sheep that are left behind and the rest along the wrong side of the handler post passes), then it costs 10 points if all of sheep or 2 points per sheep if only some animals do not go to the pole. However, where the handler no attempt sheep here the right move to be made, the handler post then leads to disqualification, just like when a handler decides one of the drive ports but not to participate (for example, because it tight in his time sits and thinks the points for a single or pen still inside to out).
In principle also the dog to the handler pole back before he starts to drive. He does not do this - for example, the sheep have a strong pull into the field and go in his efforts to keep the dog handler along the sheep under control - then this takes up to 2 points.

In terms of assessment, the jury may decide to divide into segments, for example by giving a good line of lift to fetchpoort, 6 points for good taking the fetchpoort and 7 points for the piece from the gate to 7 points the fetch the handler post. A jury may also decide to assess the fetch in whole or in working with segments, gross errors in a segment still heavier sanction than the number of points which actually stands for that segment. This method of assessment is only a tool for the jury itself and no escape route for handler and dog to commit any of the segments. Unpunished serious errors The terrain is such that parts of the fetch are not visible to the jury, the jury may assume that if the sheep come back at the right point in the image, there in the intervening period no mistakes. Observations of others - for example, spectators - are not relevant.


DRIVE

Through the drive, the dog must demonstrate that he also controlled drift sheep besides your sheep during the fetch,. For this purpose a triangular route with two drive ports off which parts drifting away from the handler and the sheep remotely parallel to the handler drive back. A good drive is worth 30 points. The total drive in qualifying class has a length of about 400 meters: the fetch is shorter than previously mentioned, it will attempt to make the drive longer. The two ports that are in them have an opening of 6.30 meters wide. A good drive is all about retaining the right lines (through the center of the gates and the last line runs to the center of the separation ring), do not miss the gates and allow the sheep in a quiet, evenly pace moving.

The drive starts when the sheep to the handler around his post. Ideally, the dog starts the drive also along for the handler, the dog runs along behind the handler to start the drive that costs 1 point. Upon completing the fetch and the start of the drive does the handler not to stand. Stiffly He may in his movements the sheep in the right direction float, it is prohibited for the handler to proceed more than 4 meters from the handler post: violation of this rule takes 1 to 3 points or can when extreme forms takes lead to disqualification . It costs more points when the sheep from straying line. Failure to immediately correct the error, so the sheep stay away even longer line also takes points: completely missing all lines takes basically all available points. Missing the gate cost one point per sheep, which then any additional points are deducted for deviating from the ideal line. When the dog - whether he has the port are correctly taken - the sheep back driving through the gate rather they aim to lead back can cost up to 9 points. Throughout the drive the dog must keep good contact with the sheep: too often go down, to keep large distances or flanks costs - whether the sheep passing through line, run or stop - deducting points. Also an excess of commands takes points - 4 or 5 - just like a dog that frequently looking back to his handler (1 point each). As with the fetch is in the drive, but that one attempt at each port - may be done - successful or not, still trying a second time results - successful or not - just to deduct points. "An attempt has been made" when the sheep the left and right by imaginary line drawn between the two gates of the gate, have passed. If the five sheep, for example, two left or right of the gate stepped over this line and the dog by the other three sides quickly or all five still get through the gate, then the two that have already passed the line are considered as sheep that have missed the gate and they cause in this case deducting two points (apart from the deduction for deviation from line).
When the sheep through the gates, they must be brought back on line as quickly as possible. Too wide arches after emerged from the gate to be free of points: usually 2 to 3. The drive is only over when all the sheep separation ring inside.
In terms of assessment, the jury may decide to divide the drive into segments: for example, in three pieces (first leg of the drive port and the second port and the third piece and piece, so 10 + 10 + 10), or even five pieces ( 5 x 6 points): first leg, first gate, cross-drive, second port, last part). However, these are only tools or "mnemonics" for the jury. It reserves as mentioned above, the right for serious faults with more points to penalize than that according to this method are going. On 1 of the parts


SHED / SINGLE

During the previous items the dog was assigned to drive the sheep as a group and avoid. Possible outbreaks of individual sheep The parts Shedden and singlen the dog must demonstrate one or to separate some sheep of the group and to keep under control. This is in addition to specific sheddingvaardigheden, a strong appeal to balance feeling, superiority and strength. The separation ring has a diameter of 35 meters. In a shed, two sheep secrete. This may include any two sheep or two of the three unmarked sheep. In a single is 1 sheep separated: this may be 1 of the collar 2 with a red-labeled sheep, or any unnoticed sheep. Shed or single supply up to 10 points. Depending on the game - and this is notified in advance by the jury during the briefing - or find a shed or a single, or a shed and a single place. In the latter case, it is still another command is placed between these two parts, for example, a pen, a trailer or a Maltese cross.

The shedding begins when the drive is over and the sheep in the separation ring. The handler may place on the pole only leave when the first sheep enters the ring - or, as the jury stated this - all the sheep ring reached: before leaving the post takes points (usually 2 to 4). Handler and dog first bring the sheep to a halt and as a group under control. A single shed or which are separated, the right of a sheep or sheep incoming, moving group does not have, but costs only points (2 to 3). If committed handler and dog fails to bring the sheep to rest and this clearly comes at the hands of dog or handler, this costs points. Also frequently change positions - for example, the sheep to the handler constantly cycling, caused by a short-acting on the sheep dog - cost points. Furthermore, one loses 4 points each time when the handler runs through the group of sheep or the sheep passing by the pressure of the dog the handler on either side. Further points can be deducted for a lack of prevalence or losing contact with the sheep (for example because the dog back to the sheep returns or goes wide flanks).
A good shed assists the handler but carried the dog actually separating the sheep and the sheep. When the handler itself the entire separation does work - makes the hole and the sheep drift - this costs 4 points. Other forms of "over-assistance" by the handler can release these additional points cost. During the separation should immediately correct the sheep (or sheep) to take the dog under control: first turn to the group while remaining to be a single sheep secrete cost points. Briefly WS look up costs 2 points, prolonged failure to guard the right group to 8 points cost.
While separating the sheep may not leave the sheddingsring. If this happens, then it costs (at 5 race sheep) one point per sheep. A shed or girth can only take place if all the sheep in the ring are: a dog called by a group of sheep with the first already out of the ring, is invalid and is punishable as a failed attempt and is further penalized because sheep walking out of the ring . It is better than back in the ring to bring. The first control group,
The first opportunity to separate that occurs, should be used by the dog. If the handler then no attempt will cost 2 points, he does make an effort but the dog refuses or is he too slow to exploit the opportunity, this costs 5 points. Does the dog in it, he reached the desired separation of the sheep but the handler must hereby expressly assist him - for example by keeping apart the sheep - this will cost 3 to 4 points. Throw the dog during the income his tail up then takes this one to two points: it is a sign of insecurity or lack of control over the sheep.
Shedding and singlen in addition to assessing the ability of the dog to separate sheep off also used to see if the dog sufficient power in the sheep, the sheep will be separated after all want to return to their group and ask at that time many of strength, balance and feeling the initiative of the dog. In a good shed / single dog keeps the sheep as (3 to 5 seconds) under control generally must assess whether it is sufficiently done the handler itself. Sometimes the jury will indicate in advance that he will make clear whether the audits have been adequately or to prove that he asks to drive. Sheep separated by a piece of the control signal In any case, a dog that just by income among the sheep, they do not control this shed is punishable as a failed attempt. The handler may not go to the pen: the jury will ask you to do the Shedden him again in this case.
When singlen or Shedden of unlabelled or sheep, it is preferable to separate the last sheep whether - if the group is stopped - the sheep to the dog turned their faces are. If not, then this is not too serious penalties: at most 1 or 2 points. Shedt the dog two unmarked sheep other than intended by the handler or indicated, this costs 5 points. An incorrect shed or single - for example an unmarked sheep girth where geshed should be labeled or sheep Shedden - is punishable as a failed attempt.
Is the shed / single out the last part of the run, it should be in the ring. Sheep after separating collected again Should it be that the non-separated sheep an end ran away, then takes this in itself no points, but the dog does lose points if he in collecting errors shows, for example by crosses, to deviate from the line , to hunt or to show lack of predominance. Some juries will be mistakes made here, subtract the pens: surely this will happen if the dog already so many points in Shedden / singlen lost that in this part is no more space to bring these errors deducted.
It is the handler not allowed - on pain of disqualification - before the end of the shed / single to leave the circle: he may be dog does not help if the trouble has strayed sheep to get (for example if they are in the ring in back the afvoerpen hit his). The dog may have come off the sheddingring. Find pens after a single place, then the handler herding from the pen, but the dog must bring them to the shedding circle in a straight line. The handler is not allowed then assist his dog: this costs points deduction (2 to 3).
Shedden singlen succeed or not, and the handler wants time for his perfect state run by passively waiting, may result in disqualification. The handler is required - within reason - the assignments that match the questions to him, to accomplish.


MEDAL

A good pen is worth 10 points. After the sheep are united in separation ring, the handler goes to the pen (a pen is 1.80 meters by 2.70 meters. The movable fence is provided with a rope or cord of 1.80 meter long). From the moment the handler has the string pendeur fixed, he who - do not let go until the pin is complete (unless of course entirely beyond his control, such as a sheep to the cord or the handler runs - on pain of disqualification stumbles). Becomes a sheep caught in the rope and this happens through no fault of handler or dog, the handler may then release the rope, the sheep break out of the rope and takes this in itself no points deduction.
When the sheep are in the pen, he makes the cord the door again. Failure to do so will cost 5 points: not at all close the door leads to disqualification (illegal because it is a way to save time).
The sheep should be put in a straight line from the circle to the pen-opening: depart from line, hunting or stand still cost points. Even the dog can not here the line crosses: the dog used to keep sheep in the circle he must run along the shortest path to the 12-hour or balance point from his position. Crosst the dog line, this costs 2 points.
The dog must herding in the pen. Unnecessary assistance from the handler will be penalized: usually 1 to 3 points. Walk the sheep in the pen itself, but the dog has clearly lost contact with the sheep, then it still takes 2 to 3 points. The dog should do the job!
Sheep remain in the mouth of the pen dwell or turning them around than it costs 1 point. Walk along the sheep pen, but not all the way around or they get really far away from the pen this costs 2 points. If one sheep only meters streaking but immediately retrieved by the dog, then this costs a half to one point. Walk the sheep to the pen takes this one point per sheep: this happens a second time, and afterwards successfully pegged then keeps the handler 1 point on the pen. Are the sheep in the pen, but they can escape by the negligence of the handler or dog than it costs 5 points. The handler will again have pens and can thereby lose points on top of the points he had lost already. The side on which the dog escaping sheep retrieve is irrelevant: Escape the sheep clockwise the pen, then the dog make a right curve to get them back or left the sheep meet in order to bring them to the pen-mouth. Of course, just run from the sheep themselves, or punished.
It is for the dog or handler is not allowed to touch the sheep. Being a sheep by the close of the pendeur pushing the pin pushed then takes this 2 to 3 points if it happens unintentionally but it leads to disqualification as clearly set in play. The same applies if the handler touches the sheep with his stick or his body. A dog that shows lack of prevalence in pens or just too aggressive, this can - regardless of the movements of the sheep - 2 to 3 points for losses. A "functional grip" on this point, and not punishable by disqualification but costs 1 point, because a dog that saves without biting, show more quality.
The closing of the pin gate is the end of the pins. All sheep must then be present in the pen. A handler that four sheep in the pen and temporarily close the door to keep them from escaping while his dog is trying to get the 5th sheep to the pen-mouth is disqualified: he closes part off while this was not permitted . Logically, this also means that it is not allowed the door in the case described do ajar after close: the handler should stop closing the door when one or more sheep are not in or just before the pen- mouth are. If he does so then it takes 4 to 5 points.
Running time of the run off when the gate is not closed (ie, the jamb of the pen hit) then no points are awarded for the component pins,. The gate slammed unnecessary costs hurl points (1 to 2 points) during the entire run is to keep the peace in case the sheep as well so at this part!


OTHER ISSUES

BITE

Basically it means a disqualification if the dog bites a sheep or physical contact with it has (eg running against it). However, there are some exceptions. When a sheep dog attacking the latter the right to defend by using his teeth. Themselves A "nip" (the dog shock with gaping jaw to the sheep, sometimes gives a light bite, but grabs the sheep not fixed) is allowed: bite harder or really gripping even then leads to disqualification. A jury will not lightly allow a nip or grip: often reveals what show, as well as or even better to work extra patience or prevalence.

Reruns

A jury will award a re-run (rematch of a run) not fast. In some cases, the handler for a rerun ask, but he did not and the right to remain on the jury whether or not to grant re-run. The cases when a handler can get a rerun are:

1. Fault of the dog, the sheep strayed very far in setting the fetchpost (such that achieving the fetchpoort is impossible) or the sheep have returned to the opzetpen. Is it a slow outrun the dog then the jury will award a rerun.

2. A sheep falls during the lift or fetch - through no fault of the dog - down. If this happens during the drive can no longer be granted rerun.

3. During the lift or fetch that a sheep sick, lame or blind. This must clearly have an effect on the behavior of the sheep. A sheep limping slightly but just come with us, is no reason for a rerun.

4. Always a rerun awarded if an error is made to set the number of sheep or the number of labeled sheep. Also serious disturbances from outside - for example a dog from the public interest in the field - lead to a rerun.

The rerun is assessed from the moment he is given: deduct points for finished parts remain. For example, the dog judge on his second outrun, would be unfair. He has since been able to "practice" once. Lost points for the moment is the rerun awarded thus remains standing. However, it is time again to "zero" set at a rerun. Get a combination assigned a rerun, it will be carried out after the following two combinations finished their run. Jury or course director may differ from this principle and rerun earlier or later take place.


DISQUALIFICATION

There are some obvious situations to designate irrevocably lead to disqualification, ie
- With the sheep or the competition field has been the dog had to be run prior contact
- In the case of bite or physical contact between dog and sheep,
- When the dog comes during the run out of the competition field (for example, during the outrun)
- When the dog handler during the outrun recall for a new outrun,
- As a handler deliberately makes no attempt to take a hurdle so he deliberately skip a part,
- The dog sheep for a long time no longer has control or uncontrolled behavior chase the sheep causes unnecessary stress,
- Get help from the handler's side (for example, someone who shows him if the sheep are still running on good drive-line),
- The handler leaves the handler unauthorized entry,
- The handler leaves the unauthorized separation ring,
- The handler unauthorized pen-rope release,
- Do not close the handler pendeur and start writing the next part
- Or the handler touches the sheep (for example with his body, stick or pen port, or he like sand, water or grass for the sheep throwing things or kicking).

Other forms of clearly unfair or inappropriate behavior (such as cursing or swearing) may lead to disqualification.
A combiantie that gediskwlaificeerd, it loses all its pre-scored. This also applies to a handler who voluntarily stops during the run (Retires).


LABELS

Herding with border collies is a sport, a hobby that is often practiced. With passion Those who organize competitions, acting as jury, assist in the organization or function as a board, do so from the same commitment. They do volunteer work without which we could never exercise. Our beloved hobby For that reason alone they all deserve special respect of handlers. To conclude this brochure therefore a number of things that actually are obvious, but which nevertheless sometimes forgotten yet are still in practice:

- Put you down in any decision of the jury or organization. Tips and advice to the organization are always welcome, but accept without a murmur things like the layout of the course, the allotted time, the starting sequences, possibly to set standards (set a standard means that combinations, at the time they no longer able to finish in the top 10 have to stop their run), orders for disqualification or reruns and the final results.

- Make sure you are on time, and the race director or course director does not have to go looking for you. Formal means more than 5 minutes late that your turn is passed.

- Behave fair towards your dog. Penalties after the match (ie vent your frustration on your dog) shows little inner civilization and is also from the point of training or correcting the dog, reject. Completely You can this still be disqualified, and the disqualification concerns the entire game including other dogs that you have walked or even to walk. Your dog does not listen: keep the honor to yourself and pull you back or not to give the dog on the field even in a proper way a correction.

- Take care of your dog properly. Do not part with sick, injured or otherwise unsuitable dogs. The jury has also the right to deny you. Your run Walk Heid of bitches, prior to the race director to be notified so that dogs can walk away. At the end of the day

- Behave properly for the sheep. Misconduct by the handler or bite the dog, for example the removal of sheep can still lead to a disqualification.

- Keep your dog on a leash and under control, even when it is not your turn. Make sure your dog can not run. On the competition field Make sure your dog is no burden.

- During the game there is no contact between participants and jury. All the course director has access to the jury: contact participants if there really to discuss urgent matters to him.

- Handlers may explore the grounds for the contest at the briefing, without dog. Between the runs by this is no longer possible. A dog that had a run to run, may under penalty of disqualification, have no contact with the sheep. This also means that he can not assist in the creation or removal of sheep.

- Assisting the organization where necessary. Offer your help: for example, the creation and disposal of sheep. In most games, it is customary that the handler sheep or that of its predecessor drains to the afvoerpen.

- Stay, whenever possible, to the end of the first game. Public attendance gives more cachet to the awards ceremony and reflects the performance of the winners.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Andreoli, Paul "Judging 1993" Border Collie News, 1993 (based on items of JM Wilson in "The Scottish Farmer")

Border Collie Club Netherlands. "Statutes, Regulations, Guidelines". Established in the ALV
of November 26, 1994

Gordon, Collin & Bennett, Austin. "One Man's Opinion: An approach and Guide to Judging Sheepdog Trials". Llanrhidian, 1998.

ISDS "Rules for Trials" and "Notes for the Guidance of Judges".

ISDS "Notes for the Benefit of the Education of Judges and Competitors" ISDS website, 2002.

Japp, T. W. "My thoughts on judging Sheep Dog Trials".

Bank, Hans van den "Trial Ling" Border Collie News, June 1991.

Templeton, John & Mundell, Mat. "Working sheepdogs: management and training" The Crowood Press, Ramsbury, 1988.

USBCHA Judging Guidelines.
Henk thank you very much for letting me post. This beautiful article of your



Herding sheep without.
A new training.
Henk Verhoeven
Not everyone can always have sheep to train his dog. The number of people that want to participate in competition is increasing and thus the pressure on the already limited number of training centers. Often there can be trained by the week only in the summer months and keep practicing with your dog in sheep in the winter months, limited to the weekends. Too little, so often turns out to be a dog on the level of promotion class, let alone bring. Qualifying class Therefore, reason enough to look for other ways to train your dog. Landing ducks was published earlier in the BCN, by Suzan Lejuez. In this article I would like to explain my experiences with training with an old football. As I have experienced, a simple and effective method that anyone can apply at home. Closed
FMD
My first border collie Chip - and we are talking about already more than ten years ago - I initially only trained with sheep, at the former training center in Den Hout and own sheep. When is the FMD crisis occurred in 2000, it was not possible for several months to come. The sheep with my dog In that time I have a game, what I did with the dog, converted to a serious training. Chip had learned behind old, running a half-deflated football and play fetch. However, I also noticed that he stalked like ball - eye showed - before grabbing him. Typical border collie behavior. This is me continue to encourage, and I did not do so until he had to bite the command "get them" got him. Learned in the ball Because Chip rather "loose teeth" uh .. "wandering hands", had in sheep, I have this first exercise later taken back to unlearn, biting or to regulate by me. To this end I did Chip on the line and I kept my hand on the ball in front of his nose. As long as I "stay away" said, he was not biting. He tried it anyway, then he corrected rigidly. Only after the much proclaimed command "get them" he was allowed to take the bait. In situations with sheep - where Chip had to quickly tend to bite - this proved to be a very effective tool to control him, so here a little more time to get back on its own the sheep.
12 HOURS
Now, with my young dog Don, I started going from the beginning of his training with the ball. The ball was training with my previous borders still seemed better not to fast start. Sheep with something I did so casually when, with Don He is a cautious dog, slightly shy and easily impressed corrections or raised voices. Natural ability, balance and keep away feeling there was sufficient, as I discovered the first times when not difficult sheep. But he was still kind of a dog that you are the first time but better far away like ewes with lambs or goatlike rams. To keep the pressure on Don limited I trained new commands or situations always expanded with the ball, so I was sure he commands thoroughly know and understand it, and I could teach him. Everything in a calm, not stressed way Thus, his confidence never come under pressure. Training with a ball, you could call "soft training": you constantly creates situations that you can reward your dog. You can easily avoid situations which should be the dog. Punished Because of this I can almost always prevent the matter later in the sheep grazing got out of hand and I had to be at Don angry. I know myself, and know that I can respond when things do not go the way I want, and this is sometimes reinforced by the way dog ​​and sheep respond. Rather impatient and furious Training with a ball always gives you the opportunity to build pressure, just quietly get to count or to reward your dog calm and give. Confidence to ten breath Partly this is what my gentle dog now a sufficiently strong border. Seventy percent of the time Don was trained with the ball. And he was having fun. Of course he came up regularly in sheep: to stimulate his natural ability and balance feeling - nice release work by the dog - and what he had learned to be careful with the ball to be used for sheep. And this worked perfectly! As could have been a divorce! Him in this part trained in sheep example after two sessions I was really looking ....! There myself
With a young dog of seven or eight months can be assured all started with the ball. Make of course always that such a puppy neither physically nor mentally overloaded! First, it must be made bright on the ball. The best way to explain it to a line on the side and to watch another dog with the ball works. Keen on him Then the pupil understands that round thing a prey. When the interest is really aroused, you let him go to the ball, which explains the handler between his legs on the ground. The dog will then almost immediately take a twelve o'clock position. Some dogs are very close to the ball and try to grab others like Don keep straight away and take the flanks, when the handler a quarter turn dribbles the ball more distance. Him immediately This indicates a natural talent, they will also show you in sheep. When these dogs is soon to begin. Thing with the command "forward" or "On your feet" In dogs sit on it briefly, it gets "out" or "Keep Off" command especially primary emphasis. The latter category is sometimes necessary with a broom or something - not a handler staff! - Pushing him out. Flankt the dog giving more than 90 degrees off, then attach the handler this movement with "out" and rewards him eager for more of the ball finish. To the left and to dribble right and the dog still 12 hours to search, can be started with the dog in a fun and casual way the commands "away to me" and to make clear. "Come bye" Also the "down" or "stand" command can be learned this way. The dog stops automatically at midnight. Depending on what he does - lie down or stand - the corresponding command is given. Is he then sneak to the ball, then there is the command "on your feet" is linked. Do not you want that he comes to the ball, then you can stop him with the broom or self quickly left or right to make the dog dribble again flankt left or right. Only later, the "down" command to get a more binding. I myself Don "Down" taught at the outlets on the line. So without sheep or balls around.
OUT AND outruns
The student understand the rudiments of Away and Come-bye, you can start the first outrunnetjes. First, not more than 3 or 4 meters. Dogs naturally go wide, address this very quickly. Short-on-working sheep dogs, must be the first command out well learned. This can be done in two ways. Or the dog at the flanks for the ball with the broom out and pushing off exuberant reward. Every flank movement of the ball Or to go to the dog by the dog to lay down at midday themselves over the ball and pronouncing him under "Out, Out, Out .." constantly pushing the ball away. Here again every movement off the ball exuberant reward. You ask something here because the dog unsure of where he is, what he does not understand - moving away from the "prey" that he just tries to keep under control. This uncertainty should be more than offset by encouragement and support from the boss. Mastered the dog out command, he can be sent on a outrun of 2 meters. It stops at 12 o'clock and manage to get him down then the distance can be increased. Is it down have not yet, then it is immediately outrunnen about when the dog away with a command started in balancing income and the boss also right to be outrun. Do you want to extend the outrun, then it is important that the out and down commands are correctly inserted, otherwise you will learn the wrong dog behavior, for example, income quickly and immediately the ball - or sheep - bite. And we do not want. Course
Do the dog the basics of outrunnen, you can continue with the start of the lifts and fetch. You let the dog outrun doing two meters, puts him down with a broom and rake out the ball to yourself, on the dog so. The dog will respond by sneaking to reduce the distance to the ball: here you can link the command "on your feet" or "forward" to. It is also possible not to pick, using the broom the ball through the fetchlijn to you but to vary it. Slightly left or right This encourages the dog to stay on his flanks and still recover. The 12 o'clock position by small flank movements alert
With Don and Taff (he walks in qualifying class) I practice now outruns to about 75 meters. Furthermore, not because the ball is no longer visible. What I am mostly out, is a pretty wide and outrun by the flanks on command from 12 hours to 9 hours or 6 hours. This prevents the dog to 12 hours will stick in sheep. Certainly sheep of training have sometimes tend to run by itself. To the handler This raises the idea that sheep dog as it were, will somehow end up with the handler and then - to come out during a match with the sheep in the presence or afvoerpen -. Much to the chagrin of the owner This can be avoided by learning to leave his balance point on command to fetch and drive to move the dog. Offers here again exercising with a ball an easy and non-stressful way to get a dog to learn. Difficult part
BEYOND 12 HOURS
The basis for this motion can be established earlier. Understand the dog away and come-bye command - even during the training phase the ball between the legs of the handler - then one can try to bring, to ask after him the dog on command of his twelve o'clock position off all caution around - so over 6 hours - again to come back to the 12 o'clock position. With Don, I express very early in the training started this because I like the owner of Don's mother - Annette Klosters with her dog Tara - understood that this bitch by long practice, here not as to the 12 o'clock position was bringing. By Don with the earliest to leave the 12 hours that he seems to develop. Itself to a natural tracker And that's fine. Only problem may be the talent test soon: Don has not the spontaneous tendency to bring sheep to me but to keep them with his natural talents in control line. And do you see that line to the handler runs tests on construction: something that is no longer obvious to Don.
DRIVING
By keeping the dog flexible from the beginning and to prevent him too much on only the 12 o'clock position fixes, it is not difficult to teach him. Later the principles of driving in a simple way A mistake often made is to ask that he pushes sheep, put force. To a young, untrained dog immediately The dog knows the "on your feet" or "forward" command barely, has not yet the prevalence heavy sheep - as we in training often encounter - in trigger and prefer to fall back on his natural reflex, namely to 12 running hours. Then too much pressure on a young dog put, is often more broken than you want. Both sheep and when exercising with a ball in the beginning the matter a great distance - to keep between dog and sheep (or ball) -. 30 to 60 meters Then namely the young dog no trouble to walk. Sheep or ball in a straight line Does the dog at some point tend to the left or right flanks want - to want to 12 hours "flights" - then put him down and make sure that the original distance is restored, or by the sheep to drive themselves forward or self the ball back to kick. 20 meters ahead In this early stage does the dog just learning to walk right, nothing more. Towards the ball or sheep Reward him when he does this. Only later you ask the dog actually putting pressure, but then the "12 hour flight" really all gone.
Knows the dog left and right commands this can be inserted at the driving exercises. You let your dog the first 50 meters just wide stalking - possibly under constant "quiet" or "steady" commands if he wants too hard - and when he was about 10 meters away is your example to the left flank him to the 9 o'clock position. Self go to the ball and kicks that back 20 meters to the right, so the dog away. So let him take a trail. Here it may also be useful to ask anyone for the ball at his feet constantly dribbles forward, always help the dog away. This helper must as it were, like a sheep worn and increasingly move away from the dog.
SHEDDEN AND LOOK BACK
Also Shedden is such a critical point in the training of a young dog. Especially with a smaller flock of sheep or terror like sheep, it is often difficult to get a hole in the herd and long maintain that an untrained or cautious dog - or a dog that just does not want by sheep because he prefers loves together - be smooth enough going through it. Many handlers - myself first - then make the mistake hunted or bred to respond, as they are afraid that a chance to Shedden is lost again. Precisely because they are busy dogs still uncertain, even more reluctant to come in which only exacerbates the problem. Especially when Shedden - where an unnatural movement of a border collie asked - is the matter rest, trust and support to radiate to your dog. And this in turn can not be easier than with a ball. Of course: two balls. The exercise is simple. Put two footballs side by side between your legs. Let the dog what left and right flanks first. Put it on 12 hours a ball and roll down a few meters to the left or right so that it has a hole. Call your dog with the command you want to use for Shedden to you (I use "foot"). You will find that most dogs hesitate. Do not force yourself do not get angry, but friendly lure him to you and praise him profusely for coming in between the balls, though still as slow or hesitant. As an extra reward, he occasionally the ball where he looks to intervene: "Get them!" In this way it is motivating and exciting for the dog. The speed of Shedden one can step through the "foot" command can also be used in other circumstances. When I arrive in the forest for example, where my dogs are allowed to roam, free I put them down on the forest path. Personally, I walk 30 meters through, call enthusiastic "foot" and both dogs put in a great spurt, spurt where always going on past me, straight into the clearing something fun is, as others dogs to play with. This gives the shed command something exciting for the dog. Moreover, it seems an innate characteristic of dogs to be for things to an angle that they can not see. Excited Use in Shedden here.
The step to Look Back is also easy. Succeed Shedden and focuses the dog on a ball: lay it down, kick the other ball about 10 meters away and when he looks back, naming it with Look Back. Initially I toedrijven to the second ball, let him out right away so. Later I link it to a flank movement: "Look Back Away to me". And I see him go that EK few years!
A CRAZY BALL MAY ROLL
My experience with Ball-training are definitely positive. Young and sensitive dogs can be guided. Accelerated and positive way through difficult phases in the training For trained dogs is a great way to certain aspects of the "i" to put the dots eg out-command, respond directly to the down command or biting or unlearn. under control. Furthermore, the people who can not have daily about sheep or other livestock provides a means to put outside the training to active. Steps forward
Some ideas in mind where I play more, but have not yet implemented, training with a large skippy-ball a mountain bike and train using a radio-controlled toy car. The first idea could be to simulate correctly. (Very) far outruns and double outruns example of "International" or EK format elaborated A helper that a bouncing ball on a rope to pull can be seen by the dog on four or five hundred meters. Moreover, can then be trained in places you can not reach with normal sheep I think of a large, newly mown grass, stubble, large parks in the city or the beach. A radio-controlled car offers training opportunities in smaller fields when you do not have someone who can help you here. Seems important or that you learn to focus on for example a balloon that attaches to the car, so if your dog bites, he does not injure the dog.
In another variant - invented by Dutchman Nijboer but especially in Germany ascent making under the name "Treibball" - the dog does not have to drive the ball (a large Gymbal of 65 cm high) with his eyes but he pushes generated by to bite. This game is based on herding, but seems more for "heeler type" drovers as the cattledog, appenzeller mountain dogs, corgi and heelers. On www.cleverdogs.de his videos to see a border collie who practices Treibball, but his style is more like that of dogs and just said does in few think of the gear as we know it. With his tail up, barking and biting he rolls with great enthusiasm a ball as high as he is back to his owner. On the one hand, I am afraid you as to train a border collie learns bite him. On the other hand, borders are also smart enough to understand when and when should be. Not bitten As explained earlier I teach my dogs after all, when they can and can not bite.






The family Trynes [ My family pedigree]


&


The Big Sheep Company
  
  
The family Trynes & the history of the Great Serbian Venray Scheep companieŽn.
Trynes alias Trines.


From my mother's side, who writes Trynes are my ancestors.
It is therefore not surprising that I have focused. Myself to breeding
Sheep and dogs ..... are my passion, and that of my husband, Math Gutjens.
I wish you much fun.

In the municipality of Venray is on 1 February 1844, Henry Trines, Leaning, 47 sheep.
The farmers mainly located around the large Peel kept sheep.
In Venray merchants lived with clear heads, as sales areas foreign countries chose and thereby self-led business and pulled out an example of the young.
She then realized all the cooperative and all put the "Schopskompagnie" no BV or NV for their name. A company. The word must be understood in the sense of a group or association of family members, friends, and acquaintances.


A good company does nowadays in good Limburg dialect, a good company. The Big Company has never known a notarial act.
Not even when they convert reached several millions of dollars .... and that was a lot of money. Payments through the banks at that time was not yet known. The Big Sheep Company has, as far as I know also never had a central accounts in the last century. They acted and worked on the basis of trust, while were once a year the costs incurred by the members and benefits settles.

The Ram's Head [prepared course], was the symbol of the membership of the Big Company. This was in the house of each member, and also at the inn where every year the tar and uitbetaaldagen were held in December.

The sheep industry in the area of ​​Venray was based at this time on meat quality.
Wool was a minor at product. The farmers hired the force of the kick shepherd.
Often young lui.Tot after 1850, when North Limburg the first railway came into being, was Venray only be reached by road.

The sheep company has operated since 1845 in the markets of Leiden, Druten, Koblenz, Bunningen, Neuss and Purmerend, in the ports of Vlissingen and Dordrecht, which they founded in Antwerp, London and Paris Branch Offices and trade have gone into the surroundings Neuwied, Kassel and Neurode.

Jacob Trynes was one of the founders of the company sheep. His sister married Hendrina Trynes .. Wismans and got daughter named Anna Gertrude Wismans.

The founders of the company were:

- Gerard Poels [1799-1857] three sons who later joined the companie add: Martin Poels "Black Poels" which later in Warcoing, South Belgium will vestigen.Peter and Jan Hendrik Willem Poels.
- Hendricus Poels "the Rojje or Kwojje Poels" these nicknames beat on his appearance and character [1806-1877] He has many years alderman of Venray geweest.Hij married in 1836 to Joanna Camps.Samen get them 9 children: all four. their sons join the sheep compagnie.Oa Martin Poels "white" and Hendricus Poels "Soekerei"
- Gerard and Arnold Trynes. Their ancestral home is in Leaning [small village near Venray] No. 332 near the church. Their parents are Henry Trynes [1768] and Hendrika of Aarsen [1777] from Bergen.Van their six sons are enrolled in Venray population as Akkerman three and three as a merchant.

- These last three, Gerard [1809], Arnold [1814], Jacob [1818] join the Big Sheep Company. Hendrik Trynes an unmarried brother is working as a shepherd for the company he asks 15-04-1848 a foreign passport for traveling from London and Parijs.Hij from Harlingen with the Steamboat Company under the shipowner agrobinson to Londen.In 1867 84 019 pounds of mutton shipped in 1875 and even 574 602 pounds through Harlingen.
Livestock was after 1846, however, usually via Rotterdam vervoert.Vanuit the field of Betuwe, where the Company has bought sheep from 1845, widely would like the rivers Waal and Lek eligible may have come for transport to Rotterdam, while Harlingen use may be made of the IJsselmeer to camps and then across the Zuiderzee.


In about 1840, the Company consist of about 12 members including four fam Poels and three from the fam Trynes.

The trade off to Antwerp [ever wolhaven] ran through Deurne, Asten, Lent, Valkenswaard, and Bladel to the border post Lard and from there to Turnhout to the Scheldt near Antwerp. The flocks of sheep were in the Belgian very welcome because the fertilization of the land.

From there, the sheep also went to Metz South wards, or through Warcoign Valenciennes, Lille, to Paris.
Were places fixed Stop: Warcoign, Lile, Valenciennes and Paris [Pantin].


London must have had. In 1845 about 2 million inhabitants
The official figure was for the year 1841, 1.94 million compared to 880,000 in 1801.
With the exception of Beijing, London is the largest city in the world.
In 1841, 260,000 homes are in London, which means that every house is inhabited. By average 7.5 persons
In Paris, the situation is much worse, there have 1,053,879 people do it with only 20,500 homes do so 34 people live in a house.
Why these figures .... now these people need to eat.
And so the trade was very good.
The biggest cattle market was in London, where practically all London butchers their meat concerned, the Smithfield market, near New Gate, in the center of the city. This market was a very large area, bordered by houses. The market area is large partly occupied by cages in which the alleged cattle gestalt and verhandelt.In 1849 are Smithfield Market 236 975 head of cattle and sheep raised 1.41701 million. The market days were Monday, Wednesday and Friday.

The Big Company has certainly made from 1847 to the port of Deptford use.

There were also next entry rams imported from London to Warcoign eg to London

Due to the intensive trade to Paris and London decided a number of members to be moving to places on the route that the sheep took towards their sales and purchase areas.The population of 1860-1880 Venray stated among other things that there are 47 people listed as his sheep merchant left.

 
When received state include: October 1849; Trynes Arnold [1814], Member of the sheep company, from Belgium.
April 1855: Gerard Trynes [1809] member company of the sheep, from Belgium - Warcoign.
29 May 1867: Francis Poels [1845], from Belgium Warcoing.
Departure: 14-02-1864: Martinus Poels [1836] to Warcoing
28-01-1967: John Jacobs Steeghs to Paris
8-9-1969: Peter Camps, to Belgium
3-5-1870: Peter John Poels to Warcoign
29-01-1873: Johannes Wilhelmus Poel to Antwerp
12-04-1868: Hermanus Poels [1842] to Warcoing
1-3-1877: Peter Camps [1846] to Belgium.


Arnold Trynes and Silvie Lecomte

Arnold Trynes "Trieneze - Nol" [1814], together with his brother Gerard issued more frequently and because they were working on a fixed location to set in Warcoing - South Belgium. Arnold Trynes is final in September 1853 left Venray.Hij married the 31-year-old Silvie Lecomte, daughter of the deceased in 1838 Ange Henri Lecomte, merchant, who also spent some time mayor was Warcoing. Silvie is mother of Sophie Catelle.
Arnold is 38 years if the marriage is solemnized in 25-04-1852 in the town of Warcoign.
Martin Poels [1836] the second son of Gerard Poels "black Poels' married on 5-2-1864's sister Silvie, Victoria Joseph Lecomte 22 years young.
The mother of these two girls in 1845 overleden.Zij had four children, two boys and two girls. One Victoria [1871] will later marry Gerard van Meijel from Venray.

Martin Arnold and strengthen together the interests of the company in the region Belgium and northern France.
The duo Poels - Trynes provides a vital Pied-ŗ - terre to trade the Big Sheep Company.



Warcoing in that time bescheidden a village in the Belgian province of Hainaut, district Tournay. In 1856 the town has 11,000 inhabitants.
It is located in the bend in the river Scheldt. Warcoing is exactly half-Venray Paris.
It used to be common for the buyer and seller met each other halfway, for their merchandise or livestock.
Thus, hamlets and cafes named halfway ontstaan.Over generally lean sheep were bought up and on their way to their final destination they ate themselves fat on the fat pastures.
In the stop places they could also continue to recuperate before they came on the market.
Often as the smaller herds joined together and formed a big to go. Markets
Was out of the trading post Warcoing also used for the importation of sheep, cattle, meat from Argentina much later.
Arnold was one of the great pioneers of the Big Sheep Company.


The great Peel whoever it down .....


In 1864 the Enlarged Company of the following 13 members:

Henry Poels, Brukske, Venray
Martinus PoelsHzoon, Brukske, Venray
Pieter Vorstermans, Sevenum
Arnold Trines [or Trynes], Warcoing Belgium
Jacob Trines [or Trynes], Venray
Gerard Trines [or Trynes], Venray
Cornelis Raedt, Venray, born Sevenum
Henry Poels, Venray village
Jan Poels, Venray Heide
Henry Poels Gzoon, Venray Weverslo
Martinus Poels Gzoon, Warcoign
Wilhelm Poels Gzoon, Venray Weverslo
Jan Wilms, Venray, Overbroek

Not everyone had as much share in the company. It was divided into sections.
Trynes along with Poels had the largest shares.


In the period 1865-1869, approximately 2-3 hundred thousand sheep traded and it was nearly ten thousand guilders per share fully booked profits, working capital which could be increased to 6,000 guilders. Per member
These calculations will include the exact notes from the notebooks of Cornelis Raedts.
In 1863 Gerard Trynes lives again Leaning on the family farm with his also unmarried brothers Andrew and Bernhard Trynes [or also Trines].'s Brother Arnold is as I wrote left for Warcoing and married there in 1852.
After 1862 Gerard goes live with his brother Jacob, Grand-Rue 64 in Venray.
Jacob merchant in cereals and also a member of the sheep compagnie.Jacob is married [second marriage] with Hendrina Camps floating in the property a store.
One of the three children from the first marriage, the son Hendrik [Henry] was born in 1853, takes after his father's death in 1874 his place in the company of sheep.
In August 1978, the widow Hendrina Trynes - Camps summoned to the city Venray.
It must cost a Russian passport will reimburse.


Which will be sent by express to Henri Trynes.
However, Henri is despite the fact that similar work was made in the production of this visa, still traveling without a visa to Oswiecim [Auschwitz] Galicia. This young Trynes less than 20 years so join the company. It is used as a trader for the German market.
Several members were operating in the German market. Such as known from the documents of the border exchange offices [Venlo] where transit documents testify Martinus Poels [600 sheep], Henry Poels [1000 sheep], Cornelis Raedts [2000 sheep]. Etc.. etc.
In 1878 Henri accompanied by Gottschalk where 12,000 Russian sheep are purchased. Henri Gottschalk and then decide from Oswiecim to Odessa to take a trip. They have no sheep purchased.
Due to the lack of capacity in the railway wagon. This in connection with the military relocation. Henri and Gottschalk are per steamship moved on to Nicolaieff and continue by train to Nowa Poltafka. They probably have the hinterland of Odessa traveled through to get the sheep herd in this regio.Na an impression while both are returned back to Venray to bring to the company. Reports
In July 1879, two other members [including passport is issued on 5 July 1979 Hendrikus Franciscus Wismans merchant in sheep and passport created 8 or 9 August Peter Camps] each left separately to Odessa, may be derived that the impressions of the first voyage positive were. Henri Trynes had much written in a small book. This book also was in the luggage of Wismans now back ging.In broadly follows the same route as Wismans also Gottschalk and Trynes have gone a year earlier.

Odessa is a port city on the Black Sea. The city grew substantially because of this transit port was of Russian goods, especially agricultural products.
By far the most important export product is grain from the area of ​​Ukraine is supplied with bullock carts. In the Summer months attract every day hundreds of such transport to the city. Other export products, hides, flax, wood, sheep manure and wool. Ukraine is already known for many centuries as a granary of Russia and one of the most fertile areas of Eastern Europe.

Far as to consider is nobody has taken after Gotschalk-Trynes-Wismans-Camps more of the Great Company a trip to Russia.
The high cost and long delivery distances are buying Ukrainian sheep are not made attractive for the London market. Henri Trynes is active Salesman retired shortly after the turn of the company, though its share [part] may take some time to sit. In the commercial capital
He's going to do business in Peat and open a trade agency Municipality Veen Company CFP in Deurne. He also founded a brickyard in Overloon.
As a member of the Provincial Council of Limburg Venray that he did get the seat shall be of two psychiatric institutions, "St. Servatius "in 1907 and" St. Anna "in 1908.


One of the sons of the couple Wismans-Thielen married Hendrina Trynes, so a sister of Arnold, Jacob, Gerard Trynes the sheep company. They have six children. Two sons [Martin Jr.en Henry] their join the company. Henry first in 1868. Henry married Petronella Poels [1842-1907], she is a daughter of Hendricus Poels "the bad Poels".
Martin Jr.. marries Gertrude of Meijel. Because of his poor health, Martin not much work for the company.

The families braided together by marrying each other.
Of course, this reinforced even more the bond with each other.

Around 1870, the Big Sheep Company become a multinational company, Venray as its centerpiece. The main markets are at this stage London, Paris and Lille.Rotterdam and Antwerp are places throughput primary used for the sheep sent to London, while going for Paris in general Warcoing.
In 1970, the functioning of this system, although disturbed by the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, but the company knows how to keep up to 12,000 francs, to immediately take effect. Marketing at London limited the damage

Jacob Trynes dies on 9 july 1874.

In 1872 [age 19] a new member to join the company is Peter Jan Poels [1853]. His father is Hendricus Poels [the "angry Poels"] of the "It Brukske". He had his father often bring sheep to Warcoing way. And he met Pauline Trynes. On one of those tours The love was mutual and they were married on February 2, 1877, moreover, ten months after the death of father Hendricus Poels.
After their marriage leave Peter Jan Poels and Pauline Poels-Trynes to London, for compagnie.Ze bought a house in Hampstead, an affluent suburb of London.
After having worked for the company 10 years, writes Peter Jan [Hannes] a letter to the company. He thanked the company members for their help and that they have causes where he is now economically ended.
As thanks, he let go his shares in the capital of the company.
Peter Jan has done in England very good business all these years. He was the man who was responsible for the import and sale of tens of thousands of sheep that the company shipped annually to England.
He let them go to Smithfield Market, where he was nicknamed "Big John" [big Jan]. Now Big John says the company vaarwel.De London trade continues to run through him in 1886. But he goes up beside its own independent company.
He travels to include North America, circa 1885.
He stays some time in Chicago, visit despite the danger of the Indians, the meadow areas of the Great Plains, then returns to England with the communications to his companions [Brewster] that the population will grow there so explosive that it is unwise is to be carried out in these areas. cattle It laughs at him, but he gets right.
He sees some potential in livestock transports from the relatively less populated area of ​​South America.
In 1893 he advises the company [he kept them faithfully serve] to Louise Raedts, Gerard van Meijel and Martin Jr. Poels. to let go. Argentina
The sheep are bought in Argentina are shipped to markets in Smithfield and Liverpool. Another part comes from Dunkirk by the trading post Warcoing to French customers verkocht.In 1898 Big John sends his eldest son to Argentina there with the members of the company, to ground. Trading posts

  
The company will have its heyday, but around 1888 appear the first dark clouds on the economic sky. European agriculture crisis made its appearance, in fact the prelude to the First World War. Cattle from South America begins to flood the European market and disrupt. Continental trade
The Big Company responds. It sends two members [Henri Trynes and Martin Wismans] in 1889 on exploration Denemarken.In 1894 buy Martin and Jean [Jan] Poels, the only 24-year-old son of Martin ["white"] Poels, the first Danish sheep. Esbjerg is from that year for the company a major export port, next to Rotterdam, Antwerp and GeestemŁnde. In Antwerp are now not only live sheep transports but also gender. The beginning of the meat exports to UK.

  
The trading post of the Great Company in Warcoing done in the last quarter of the 1900 century also a thing. About 1877 have Trynes Arnold and Martin Poels there been reinforced in the person of Gerard van Meijel from Venray.
He was born in 1861. In 1877 he left Venray bound Warcoing. There he will have it worked before, after the sudden death of Martin Poels in 1880, to become the Great Company. Paragraph as a shepherd boy the first years
[Peter] Gerard van Meijel comes from a peasant family in the Heide.Dit sex Van Meijel, originally from Sevenum. Several distant relatives of Gerard van Meijel have settled between 1865 and 1890 as sheep traders in northern France. Probably Gerard after the death of his mother left shortly to Venray in Warcoing to build a living. After Arnold died in 1900, he represented the interests of the company in the area between Paris, Lille and Dunkirk, along with Martin Jr. Poels. [1868], the son of the late "black" Poels. With one of the daughters of Martin Sr. Poels. , Victoria Theodora Marie, married Gerard van Meijel on 6 May 1899.
Victoria is 22 years.

In 1982 and 1893 the company ventured before that time an important decision.
They take the plunge over the ocean. The cooling vessel is invented in jan. In 1877 the first ship departs from Rouen to Buenos Aires. One hundred days later, the ship will return to France with frozen meat.
The European livestock sector is in trouble. During the first world war the Argentine meat exports will experience its great prosperity, the breeders hope that the war persists.
In Nov. 1891 sends the company of Gerard Meijel from Warcoing [30] and Jan Poels from Venray [21] to Buenos Aires, with the mission and much to buy. Sheep as cheaply as possible Sales in these areas are going well for the company.
In 1908 Gerard buy The Swan Hotel on the Grand Place in Venray.
In 1916 he sold his furniture to his brother Martin Poels and his daughters Maria and Maria Bernardina Petronelle.
It remains to 1954 owned by the two families.

A major reason for the breakup of noncommittal trade organization must be sought in the instability of exchange rates, due to which statements based on an annual were impossible.
In 1915, the exchange rate fell below the gold point.
In 1926 the company in Venray once together for a reunion.
To celebrate. Their hundredth anniversary

Again in brief:
Who could ask someone today: "In what part of Limburg traditionally sheep hear the most," will probably get South Limburg with Mergelland Schaap in response. However, over the centuries is perhaps North Limburg with its SchaapscompanieŽn have a better answer. The Mergelland Sheep is a breed that until this century and arose when North Limburg had been a success story sheep behind. Nowadays making both halves of Limburg as good decorative with modern SchaapscompanieŽn.
In 1982 published Jan Derix and Sjef Verlinden in cooperation with the newspaper for North Limburg two-tome "That would all buy, what he sees ... The history of Venray Serbian Sheep Squadrons' (ISBN 90-70285 29 0). This clear overview work seemed the final closing of a turbulent period, during which it was diligent, lonely existence of the shepherd coupled with commercial success of sheep traders. The conclusion of the book was as follows: Limburg SchaapscompanieŽn were gone and would not come after 1912. In itself it was a small miracle that a small group of no more than twenty members sheep breeders in a remote, little fertile region of Limburg, the Peel, could arrive at such a comprehensive international trade sheep. After all, shepherd was the least well paid profession in agriculture, actually a children's appeal, an additional income for the farmer. Most shepherds were not older than 20 years, a pastor of 11 years received 4 guilders annually. Around 1809 went for the first time a few simple farmers from Venray to their slaughter mature sheep from Peel to Paris to sell them there. It was usually about a month away, with a bag full of money, the return accepted. From this adventure of a few came at the end of the last century (until this century) a trade organization that soon spanned a large part of Europe (including London, Antwerp, Hamburg, Esbjerg), penetrated Russia (Odessa) and merchants exceptions to the pampas of Argentina. From the ports of Rotterdam, Harlingen, New Deep, Medemblik, Flushing, Ostend, Dunkirk, Calais and Boulogne sheep were shipped. In Warcoing at Tournai a kind of transit place arose. This remarkable company was initially known as "The Great Kompenij 'and those who are part of it were called the' kick marbles. In the boom years this organization annually put over a million guilders. Besides this Great Company, founded around 1826, there were also some smaller companies of. Along the herd was expanded with sheep from Germany and Belgium. From Eastern Europe were supplied with sheep trains. In 1915, during World War I, the company was ingloriously, by the complete absence of any possibility of trade relations, let alone cross flocks of sheep and currency problems. In 1926 the company was once together, not so much because of commercial agreements, but perhaps because of some kind of reunion.

 

Note: I used http://translate.google.nl/?hl=nl&tab=TT

Please excusse me when the English is not as good as it shut be.